This is a very short, un-paywalled survivorship guide to using the AWS CDK with TypeScript and node ESM.
TL;DR: ts-node fails when there are ES modules in the dependency graph (not specific to CDK but you need it to run
If you are using ESM you should already have
"type": "module" in your
If you’ve used the CLI to add the CDK to a TypeScript project you will get a generated file
cdk.ts that looks something like this
If you run
cdk synth you are likely to get the following error
TypeError [ERR_UNKNOWN_FILE_EXTENSION]: Unknown file extension ".ts" ......OR maybe something like thisnode_modules/ts-node/dist-raw/node-esm-resolve-implementation.js:374
throw new ERR_MODULE_NOT_FOUND(
The easiest way to resolve this issue is to install this zero dependency package and then update the script in
cdk.json to the following
"app": "node --loader @k-foss/ts-esnode --experimental-specifier-resolution=node ./bin/cdk.ts",
You should now be able to run
cdk synth with no issues.
So far Node + ESM has been an absolute nightmare of debugging and dependency hell. I’d hesitate to jump in until things get a bit more mature.